Taxa were selected by RCI scientists based on a combination of criteria including, being easily observable and identifiable underwater and one or more of the following: a Non-Indigenous Species (NIS) or a species protected under European directives or international conventions; sensitive to climate change; an ecosystem engineer; threatened by human activities or commercially exploited. Taken together, these taxa represent key aspects of Mediterranean subtidal habitats, and of the changes they may be undergoing. When it is not easy to discriminate between species, genus level was chosen, as in the case of the two protected Mediterranean seahorses.
Corallium rubrum (red or precious coral)
Paramuricea clavata (red gorgonian)
Eunicella cavolini (yellow gorgonian)
Eunicella verrucosa (pink sea fan)
Parazoanthus axinellae (yellow cluster anemone)
Savalia savaglia (gold coral)
Cladocora caespitosa (pillow coral)
Pinna nobilis (noble pen shell)
Arca noae (Noah's arch)
Pecten jacobaeus (pilgrim's scallop)
Patella ferruginea (ribbed Mediterranean limpet)
Rapana venosa (veined whelk)
Palinurus elephas (spiny lobster)
Homarus gammarus (European lobster)
Scyllarides latus (Mediterranean slipper lobster)
Paracentrotus lividus (stony sea urchin)
Sciaena umbra (brown meagre)
Conger conger (conger eel)
Chromis chromis (damselfish)
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)
Hippocampus spp. (sea horses)
... and gas bubbles!
Strictly necessary cookies guarantee functions without which this website would not function as intended. As a result these cookies cannot be deactivated. These cookies are used exclusively by this website and are therefore first party cookies. This means that all information stored in the cookies will be returned to this website.
Functional cookies enable this website to provide you with certain functions and to store information already provided (such as registered name or language selection) in order to offer you improved and more personalized functions.
Performance cookies gather information on how a web page is used. We use them to better understand how our web pages are used in order to improve their appeal, content and functionality.
Marketing / Third Party Cookies originate from external advertising companies (among others) and are used to gather information about the websites visited by you, in order to e.g. create targeted advertising for you.